number theory


number theory

noun

Definition of NUMBER THEORY

:  the study of the properties of integers
number theoretic adjective
number theorist noun

First Known Use of NUMBER THEORY

1864

number theory

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Branch of mathematics concerned with properties of and relations among integers. It is a popular subject among amateur mathematicians and students because of the wealth of seemingly simple problems that can be posed. Answers are much harder to come up with. It has been said that any unsolved mathematical problem of any interest more than a century old belongs to number theory. One of the best examples, recently solved, is Fermat's last theorem.

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