Norfolk Island pine


Nor·folk Island pine

noun \ˈnr-fək-, -ˌfk-\

Definition of NORFOLK ISLAND PINE

:  an evergreen tree (Araucaria heterophylla syn. A. excelsa) of the araucaria family that is native to Australia and Norfolk Island and that is often grown as a houseplant —called also Norfolk pine

First Known Use of NORFOLK ISLAND PINE

1803

Norfolk Island pine

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla).—Robert C. Hermes—The National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers

Evergreen timber and ornamental conifer (Araucaria heterophylla, formerly known as A. excelsa), of the family Araucariaceae, native to Norfolk Island in the South Pacific Ocean. In nature this pine grows to a height of 200 ft (60 m), with a trunk sometimes reaching 10 ft (3 m) in diameter. The wood of large trees is used in construction, furniture, and shipbuilding. The sapling stage is grown worldwide as a houseplant and as an outdoor ornamental in regions with a Mediterranean climate. The monkey puzzle tree is a relative.

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