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neuron

play
noun neu·ron \ˈnü-ˌrän, ˈnyü-; ˈnu̇r-ˌän, ˈnyu̇r-\

Simple Definition of neuron

  • medical : a cell that carries messages between the brain and other parts of the body and that is the basic unit of the nervous system

Full Definition of neuron

  1. :  a grayish or reddish granular cell with specialized processes that is the fundamental functional unit of nervous tissue

neu·ro·nal play \ˈnu̇r-ə-nəl, ˈnyu̇r-; nu̇-ˈrō-nəl, nyu̇-\ also neu·ron·ic play \nu̇-ˈrä-nik, nyu̇-\ adjective

Illustration of neuron

Origin of neuron

New Latin neuron, from Greek, nerve, sinew — more at nerve


First Known Use: 1891

Rhymes with neuron

aeon, add-on, agon, agone, Akan, Ambon, Amman, anon, Anshan, archon, argon, Argonne, atman, axon, bank on, barchan, baton, big on, Bion, blouson, bon ton, bonbon, boron, boson, bouillon, bring on, build on, bygone, caisson, call on, canton, capon, cast on, catch on, Ceylon, chaconne, Charon, chew on, chiffon, chiton, chrismon, Cimon, cistron, clip-on, codon, come-on, cordon, coupon, crampon, crayon, crepon, cretonne, crouton, Dacron, dead-on, Dear John, doggone, Dogon, Don Juan, exon, fall on, flacon, foregone, form on, Freon, fronton, futon, Garonne, get on, Gibran, gluon, gnomon, go on, guidon, hadron, Hainan, hand on, hands-on, hang on, have on, hazan, head-on, Henan, hereon, high on, hit on, hogan, hold on, Huainan, icon, intron, ion, jargon, Jinan, jomon, kanban, kaon, Kashan, keen on, Khoisan, Kirman, koan, krypton, kurgan, Kurgan, lauan, lepton, let on, lock on, log on, look on, Luzon, macron, Masan, Medan, Memnon, meson, micron, Milan, mod con, moron, mouton, Multan, muon, natron, nekton, neon, nephron, neutron, ninon, Nippon, nylon, odds-on, Oman, Oran, Orlon, paeon, parton, Pathan, pavane, pecan, peon, Phaëthon, photon, phyton, pick on, pion, piton, plankton, pluton, pompon, prion, proton, Pusan, push on, put-on, pylon, python, racon, radon, rag on, rayon, recon, rhyton, run-on, run on, Saint John, Saipan, salon, San Juan, Schliemann, Schumann, Shaban, shaman, shaitan, Shingon, sign on, sit on, slip-on, snap-on, solon, Solon, soupçon, soutane, stand on, stolon, stuck on, Suwon, sweet on, Taiwan, taipan, take on, tampon, taxon, Teflon, Tehran, teston, thereon, Tian Shan, tisane, torchon, toucan, toyon, trade on, trigon, Tristan, triton, trogon, try on, Tucson, turned-on, turn on, Typhon, tzigane, uhlan, Ulsan, upon, wait on, walk-on, witan, whereon, Wonsan, wonton, work on, Wuhan, xenon, Xi'an, Yukon, Yunnan, zircon


NEURON Defined for Kids

neuron

play
noun neu·ron \ˈnü-ˌrän, ˈnyü-\

Definition of neuron




Medical Dictionary

noun neu·ron \ˈn(y)ü-ˌrän, ˈn(y)u̇(ə)r-ˌän\

Medical Definition of neuron

  1. :  one of the cells that constitute nervous tissue, that have the property of transmitting and receiving nervous impulses, and that are composed of somewhat reddish or grayish protoplasm with a large nucleus containing a conspicuous nucleolus, irregular cytoplasmic granules, and cytoplasmic processes which are highly differentiated frequently as multiple dendrites or usually as solitary axons and which conduct impulses toward and away from the nerve cell body—called also nerve cell

  2. neu·ro·nal \ˈn(y)u̇r-ən-əl, n(y)u̇-ˈrōn-əl\play play also neu·ron·ic \n(y)u̇-ˈrän-ik\play adjective



Illustration of neuron

Variants of neuron

also neu·rone \-ˌrōn, -ˌōn\play


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