morphology


mor·phol·o·gy

noun \mr-ˈfä-lə-jē\

linguistics : the study and description of how words are formed in language

biology : the study of the form and structure of animals and plants

: the form and structure of a plant or animal or any of its parts

Full Definition of MORPHOLOGY

1
a :  a branch of biology that deals with the form and structure of animals and plants
b :  the form and structure of an organism or any of its parts
2
a :  a study and description of word formation (as inflection, derivation, and compounding) in language
b :  the system of word-forming elements and processes in a language
3
a :  a study of structure or form
b :  structure, form
4
:  the external structure of rocks in relation to the development of erosional forms or topographic features
mor·pho·log·i·cal \ˌmr-fə-ˈlä-ji-kəl\ also mor·pho·log·ic \-ˈlä-jik\ adjective
mor·pho·log·i·cal·ly \-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
mor·phol·o·gist \mr-ˈfä-lə-jist\ noun

Origin of MORPHOLOGY

German Morphologie, from morph- + -logie -logy
First Known Use: 1830

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms

ablaut, allusion, anacoluthon, diacritic, gerund, idiom, infinitive, metaphor, semiotics, simile

mor·phol·o·gy

noun \mr-ˈfäl-ə-jē\   (Medical Dictionary)
plural mor·phol·o·gies

Medical Definition of MORPHOLOGY

1
: a branch of biology that deals with the form and structure of animals and plants especially with respect to the forms, relations, metamorphoses, and phylogenetic development of organs apart from their functions—see anatomy 1; compare physiology 1
2
: the form and structure of an organism or any of its parts

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: morphometry
Previous Word in the Dictionary: morphogenic
All Words Near: morphology

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up morphology? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).