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mitochondrion

play
noun mi·to·chon·dri·on \ˌmī-tə-ˈkän-drē-ən\

Definition of mitochondrion

plural mitochondriaplay \-drē-ə\

  1. :  any of various round or long cellular organelles of most eukaryotes that are found outside the nucleus, produce energy for the cell through cellular respiration, and are rich in fats, proteins, and enzymes — see cell illustration

mitochondrial play \-drē-əl\ adjective


Origin of mitochondrion

New Latin, from Greek mitos thread + chondrion, diminutive of chondros grain


First Known Use: 1901


MITOCHONDRION Defined for Kids

mitochondrion

play
noun mi·to·chon·dri·on \ˌmī-tə-ˈkän-drē-ən\

Definition of mitochondrion for Students

plural mitochondria \-drē-ə\

  1. :  one of the parts found in the cytoplasm of a cell outside the nucleus that provides the cell with energy released from the breakdown of nutrients




Medical Dictionary

mitochondrion

play
noun mi·to·chon·dri·on \ˌmīt-ə-ˈkän-drē-ən\

Medical Definition of mitochondrion

plural mitochondria \-drē-ə\play

  1. :  any of various round or long cellular organelles of most eukaryotes that are found outside the nucleus, produce energy for the cell through cellular respiration, and are rich in fats, proteins, and enzymes—called also

mitochondrial \-drē-əl\play adjective
mitochondrially \-ē\play adverb


Illustration of mitochondrion


Learn More about mitochondrion


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