microbiology


mi·cro·bi·ol·o·gy

noun \ˌmī-krō-bī-ˈä-lə-jē\

: a science that studies extremely small forms of life (such as bacteria and viruses)

Full Definition of MICROBIOLOGY

:  a branch of biology dealing with microscopic forms of life
mi·cro·bi·o·log·i·cal \-ˌbī-ə-ˈlä-ji-kəl\ also mi·cro·bi·o·log·ic \-ˈlä-jik\ adjective
mi·cro·bi·o·log·i·cal·ly \-ji-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
mi·cro·bi·ol·o·gist \-bī-ˈä-lə-jist\ noun

Origin of MICROBIOLOGY

International Scientific Vocabulary
First Known Use: 1880

Other Microbiology Terms

pathogen, salmonella, tetanus

mi·cro·bi·ol·o·gy

noun \ˌmī-krō-bī-ˈäl-ə-jē\   (Medical Dictionary)
plural mi·cro·bi·ol·o·gies

Medical Definition of MICROBIOLOGY

: a branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms of life (as bacteria, protozoans, viruses, and fungi)
mi·cro·bi·o·log·i·cal \ˈmī-krō-ˌbī-ə-ˈläj-i-kəl\ also mi·cro·bi·o·log·ic \-ˈläj-ik\ adjective
mi·cro·bi·o·log·i·cal·ly \-i-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

microbiology

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Scientific study of microorganisms, a diverse group of simple life-forms including protozoans, algae, molds, bacteria, and viruses. Microbiology is concerned with the structure, function, and classification of these organisms and with ways of controlling and using their activities. Its foundations were established in the later 19th century, with the work of Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch. Since then, many disease-causing microorganisms have been identified and means of controlling their harmful effects have been developed. In addition, means of channeling the activities of various microorganisms to benefit medicine, industry, and agriculture have been discovered. Molds, for example, produce antibiotics, notably penicillin. See also bacteriology, genetic engineering.

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