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Definition of MASHHAD
city NE Iran pop 2,427,316
geographical name(Concise Encyclopedia)
City (pop., 2007 est.: 2,469,000), northeastern Iran. It is situated in the valley of the Kashaf River, at an elevation of 3,231 ft (985 m). It was damaged in a Mongol attack in 1220 and was sacked by Turkmen and Uzbeks in the 16th and 17th centuries. Nadir Shah (r. 1736–47) made Mashhad his capital. The city is the burial place of Harun al-Rashid and a site of pilgrimage for Shi'ite Muslims visiting the tomb of the eighth Shi'ite imam, 'Ali al-Rida'.