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leprosy

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noun lep·ro·sy \ˈle-prə-sē\

Simple Definition of leprosy

  • medical : a serious disease that causes painful rough areas on the skin and that badly damages nerves and flesh

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of leprosy

  1. 1 :  a chronic infectious disease caused by a mycobacterium (Mycobacterium leprae) affecting especially the skin and peripheral nerves and characterized by the formation of nodules or macules that enlarge and spread accompanied by loss of sensation with eventual paralysis, wasting of muscle, and production of deformities —called also Hansen's disease

  2. 2 :  a morally or spiritually harmful influence

leprotic

play \le-ˈprä-tik\ adjective

Origin and Etymology of leprosy

Middle English lepruse, from leprous


First Known Use: 15th century


Medical Dictionary

leprosy

play
noun lep·ro·sy \ˈlep-rə-sē\

Medical Definition of leprosy

plural

leprosies

  1. :  a chronic infectious disease that is caused by a mycobacterium (Mycobacterium leprae), affects especially the skin and peripheral nerves, and is characterized by the formation of nodules or macules that enlarge and spread and are accompanied by loss of sensation with eventual paralysis, wasting of muscle, and production of deformities <About 12 million people worldwide have leprosy, a disfiguring, chronic infection that damages nerves, skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.—Harvard Health Letter, February 1998> <The good news is that leprosy is relatively easy to diagnose and cure. It is caused by the microbe Mycobacterium leprae, which produces telltale symptoms of enlarged nerves and light-coloured patches of numb skin on a patient's face or extremities.—Bryn Nelson, New Scientist, 16 July 2005> <Leprosy is actually the least infectious of the major communicable diseases.—Sandra Dallas, Business Week, 1 Mar. 1999> <Leprosy … is progressive and causes the growth of widely distributed lumps on the skin and thickening of the skin and nerves. Severe cases are characterized by muscle weakness and paralysis.—Insight, 22 Dec. 1986>—called also hansenosis, Hansen's disease, lepra; see lepromatous leprosy, tuberculoid leprosy





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