launch vehicle

launch vehicle


Definition of LAUNCH VEHICLE

:  a rocket used to launch a satellite or spacecraft

First Known Use of LAUNCH VEHICLE

circa 1960

launch vehicle

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Rocket system that boosts a spacecraft into Earth orbit or beyond Earth's gravitational pull. A wide variety of launch vehicles have been used to lift payloads ranging from satellites weighing a few pounds (or kilograms) to large modular components of space stations. Most launch vehicles are expendable (one-use) systems; many early ones were derived from intercontinental ballistic missiles (see ICBM). The Saturn V, which launched the spacecraft that carried humans to the Moon (see Apollo), had three stages (see staged rocket). The U.S. space shuttle system (from 1981) represents a significant departure from expendable launch vehicles in that it is partially reusable—its manned orbiting component is designed for numerous flights, and its solid rocket boosters can be recovered and refurbished.


Next Word in the Dictionary: launch window
Previous Word in the Dictionary: launchpad
All Words Near: launch vehicle

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up launch vehicle? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).