Engraved silver vase of King Entemena, from Lagash, Early Dynastic Period; in the Louvre, Paris—Archives Photographiques, Paris
Ancient capital in Sumer. It was located midway between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Babylonia, now in southeastern Iraq. Excavations have uncovered palace and temple ruins as well as cuneiform texts that provide information about Sumer in the 3rd millennium BC. Founded in the Ubaid period (c. 5200–c. 3500 BC), it came under the control of Sargon of Akkad. It later prospered under Gudea, a governor nominally subject to the Guti. It was occupied as late as the Parthian era (247 BC–AD 224).