kremlin


krem·lin

noun \ˈkrem-lən\

Definition of KREMLIN

1
:  the citadel of a Russian city
2
capitalized [the Kremlin, citadel of Moscow and seat of government of Russia and formerly of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics] :  the Russian government

Origin of KREMLIN

obsolete German Kremelien the citadel of Moscow, ultimately from Old Russian kremlĭ
First Known Use: 1662

Rhymes with KREMLIN

kremlin

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Central fortress in medieval Russian cities, usually located at a strategic point along a river and separated from the surrounding parts of the city by a wall with ramparts, moat, towers, and battlements. Several capitals of principalities were built around old kremlins, which generally contained cathedrals, palaces, governmental offices, and munitions stores. The Moscow Kremlin (established 1156) served as the centre of Russian government until 1712 and again after 1918. Its crenellated brick walls and 20 towers were built in the 15th century by Italian architects. The palaces, cathedrals, and government buildings within the walls encompass a variety of styles, including Byzantine, Russian Baroque, and Classical.

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