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noun\ˈki-dəsh, -dish; ki-ˈdüsh\
Definition of KIDDUSH
: a ceremonial blessing pronounced over wine or bread in a Jewish home or synagogue on a holy day (as the Sabbath)
Origin of KIDDUSH
Late Hebrew qiddūsh sanctification
First Known Use: 1753
Jewish prayer or blessing recited over a cup of wine immediately before the meal on the eve of the Sabbath or a major festival, acknowledging the sanctity of the day that is beginning. It is usually performed by the head of the household, but it may involve all family members. After the recitation, each person sips wine from the cup. In the Ashkenazi tradition, two loaves of bread on the table signify the manna gathered by the Israelites during their years of wandering in the wilderness.