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geographical name\ˈkau̇-nəs, -ˌnäs\
Definition of KAUNAS
city cen Lithuania on the Neman; a former (1918–40) ∗ of Lithuania pop 378,943
Variants of KAUNAS
Kau·nas or Russian Kov·no\ˈkȯv-(ˌ)nō, -nə\
geographical name(Concise Encyclopedia)
City (pop., 2001: 378,943), southern Lithuania. Founded as a fortress in 1030, it passed to Russia in 1795 after the third partition of Poland. It was the capital of independent Lithuania (1920–40), then it was annexed by the Soviet Union. Many historic buildings survive in the Old Town. In addition to being an important industrial centre, it is an educational and cultural centre, with polytechnic, medical, and agricultural institutes.