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kala–azar

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noun ka·la–azar \ˌkä-lə-ə-ˈzär, ˌka-\

Definition of kala–azar

  1. :  a severe parasitic disease chiefly of tropical areas that is marked by fever, progressive anemia, leukopenia, and enlargement of the spleen and liver and caused by a leishmania (Leishmania donovani) transmitted by the bite of sand flies



Origin and Etymology of kala–azar

Hindi & Urdu kālā-āzār, literally, black disease


First Known Use: 1883


Medical Dictionary

kala–azar

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noun ka·la–azar \ˌkäl-ə-ə-ˌzär, ˌkal-\

Medical Definition of kala–azar

  1. :  a severe parasitic disease chiefly of Asia marked by fever, progressive anemia, leukopenia, and enlargement of the spleen and liver and caused by a flagellate of the genus Leishmania (L. donovani) that is transmitted by the bite of sand flies and proliferates in macrophages of the liver, spleen, and bone marrow—called also dumdum fever, visceral leishmaniasis; see leishman-donovan body




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