City (pop., 2001: 369,959) and winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir state, northwestern India. It lies along the Tawi River, south of Srinagar. Once the capital of the Dogra Rajput dynasty, it became part of Ranjit Singh's domain in the 19th century. It is now a railroad and manufacturing centre. Sites of interest include a fort, a palace of the rajas, and the University of Jammu (founded 1969).