noun \ˈja-kəl also -ˌkl\

: a wild dog found in Africa and Asia

Full Definition of JACKAL

:  any of several small omnivorous canids (as Canis aureus) of Africa and Asia having large ears, long legs, and bushy tails
a :  a person who performs routine or menial tasks for another
b :  a person who serves or collaborates with another especially in the commission of base acts

Origin of JACKAL

Turkish çakal, from Persian shaqāl, of Indo-Aryan origin; akin to Sanskrit sṛgāla jackal
First Known Use: 1603


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas).—Leonard Lee Rue III

Any of three canine species of the genus Canis. They inhabit open country and live alone, in pairs, or in packs. They hunt at night, feeding on small animals, plant material, or carrion. A pack can bring down larger prey. The golden, or Asiatic, jackal (yellowish) is found from eastern Europe and North Africa to South Asia. The black-backed jackal (rusty red with a black back) and side-striped jackal (grayish with a white-tipped tail and an indistinct stripe on each side) are found in southern and eastern Africa. Jackals are 34–37 in. (85–95 cm) long, including the 12–14-in. (30–35-cm) tail, and weigh 15–24 lbs (7–11 kg).


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