isomer

3 ENTRIES FOUND:

iso·mer

noun \ˈī-sə-mər\

Definition of ISOMER

1
:  one of two or more compounds, radicals, or ions that contain the same number of atoms of the same elements but differ in structural arrangement and properties
2
:  a nuclide isomeric with one or more others

Origin of ISOMER

International Scientific Vocabulary, back-formation from isomeric
First Known Use: 1855

iso·mer

noun \ˈī-sə-mər\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of ISOMER

1
: any of two or more compounds, radicals, or ions that contain the same number of atoms of the same elements but differ in structural arrangement and properties
2
: a nuclide isomeric with one or more others

isomer

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

One of two or more substances with identical molecular formulas but different configurations, differing only in the arrangement of their component atoms. It usually refers to stereoisomers (rather than constitutional isomers or tautomers; see isomerism, tautomerism), of which there are two types. Optical isomers, or enantiomers (see optical activity), occur in mirror-image pairs. Geometric isomers are often the result of rigidity in the molecular structure; in organic compounds, this is usually due to a double bond (see bonding) or a ring structure. In the case of a double bond between two carbon atoms, if each has two other groups bonded to it and all are rigidly in the same plane, the corresponding groups can be on the same side (cis) of the CC bond or across the CC bond (trans) from each other. An analogous distinction can be made for ring structures that are all in a plane, between isomers whose substituent groups are on the same side and isomers whose substituent groups are on both sides of the plane. Diastereomers that are not enantiomers also fall into this category. Most cis-trans isomers are organic compounds.

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: isomerase
Previous Word in the Dictionary: isomagnetic (noun)
All Words Near: isomer

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up isomer? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).