Ionia


Io·nia

geographical name \ī-ˈō-nē-ə\

Definition of IONIA

ancient region W Asia Minor bordering on the Aegean W of Lydia & Caria
Io·ni·an \-nē-ən\ adjective or noun

Ionia

   (Concise Encyclopedia)

Ancient region, western coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) bordering the Aegean Sea. It consisted of a coastal strip that extended from the mouth of the Hermus River to the Halicarnassus Peninsula, a distance of 100 mi (160 km). In the 8th century BC there were 12 major Greek cities in the region, including Phocaea, Erythrae, Colophon, and Miletus on the mainland, and the islands Chios and Samos. It was very prosperous, and until 500 BC Ionic philosophy and architecture and the Ionic dialect were highly influential in Greece. In the mid-6th century BC it fell to Lydia and then to the Persians. After a brief period of independence beginning in 334 BC, it became part of the Seleucid kingdom. In 133 BC it passed to the Romans and became part of the Roman province of Asia. It was devastated during the Turkish conquest of Asia Minor.

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: Ionian Islands
Previous Word in the Dictionary: Iona

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up Ionia? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Get Our Free Apps
Voice Search, Favorites,
Word of the Day, and More
Join Us on FB & Twitter
Get the Word of the Day and More