idealism

12 ENTRIES FOUND:

ide·al·ism

noun \ī-ˈdē-(ə-)ˌliz-əm, ˈī-(ˌ)dē-\

: the attitude of a person who believes that it is possible to live according to very high standards of behavior and honesty

Full Definition of IDEALISM

1
a (1) :  a theory that ultimate reality lies in a realm transcending phenomena (2) :  a theory that the essential nature of reality lies in consciousness or reason
b (1) :  a theory that only the perceptible is real
(2) :  a theory that only mental states or entities are knowable
2
a :  the practice of forming ideals or living under their influence
b :  something that is idealized
3
:  literary or artistic theory or practice that affirms the preeminent value of imagination as compared with faithful copying of nature — compare realism

First Known Use of IDEALISM

1773

Other Philosophy Terms

dialectic, dualism, epistemology, existentialism, metaphysics, ontology, sequitur, solipsism, transcendentalism

Rhymes with IDEALISM

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idealism

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

In metaphysics, the view that stresses the central role of the ideal or the spiritual in the constitution of the world and in mankind's interpretation of experience. Idealism may hold that the world or reality exists essentially as spirit or consciousness, that abstractions and laws are more fundamental in reality than sensory things, or, at least, that whatever exists is known to mankind in dimensions that are chiefly mental—that is, through and as ideas. Metaphysical idealism asserts the ideality of reality; epistemological idealism holds that in the knowledge process the mind can grasp only its own contents. Metaphysical idealism is thus directly opposed to materialism, and epistemological idealism is opposed to realism. Absolute idealism (see G. W. F. Hegel) includes the following principles: (1) the everyday world of things and persons is not the world as it really is but merely as it appears in terms of uncriticized categories; (2) the best reflection of the world is in terms of a self-conscious mind; (3) thought is the relation of each particular experience with the infinite whole of which it is an expression; and (4) truth consists in relationships of coherence between thoughts, rather than in a correspondence between thoughts and external realities (see coherentism). See also George Berkeley.

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