hydrolysis


hy·dro·ly·sis

noun \hī-ˈdrä-lə-səs\

Definition of HYDROLYSIS

:  a chemical process of decomposition involving the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion of water
hy·dro·lyt·ic \ˌhī-drə-ˈli-tik\ adjective
hy·dro·lyt·i·cal·ly \-ti-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

Origin of HYDROLYSIS

New Latin
First Known Use: 1880

hy·dro·ly·sis

noun \hī-ˈdräl-ə-səs, ˌhī-drə-ˈlī-\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of HYDROLYSIS

: a chemical process of decomposition involving the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion of water
hy·dro·lyt·ic \ˌhī-drə-ˈlit-ik\ adjective
hy·dro·lyt·i·cal·ly \-i-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

hydrolysis

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Chemical reaction in which water (HO or HOH) and another reactant exchange functional groups to form two products, one containing the H and the other the OH. In most hydrolyses involving organic compounds, the other reactants and products are neutral; for example, an ester can be hydrolyzed to form a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. Such reactions are often accelerated by enzymes (as in much of digestion and metabolism in general) or other catalysts. In hydrolyses of compounds with ionic bonds, the nonwater reactants are salts, acids, or bases, participating in dissociation reactions.

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