: a stringed instrument in which sound is produced by the friction of a rosined wheel turned by a crank against the strings and the pitches are varied by keys
: any of various mechanical musical instruments (as the barrel organ)
Illustration of HURDY-GURDY
Origin of HURDY-GURDY
First Known Use: 1749
hurdy-gurdy noun (Concise Encyclopedia)
Pear-shaped fiddle, the strings of which are sounded by the rim of a rosined wooden wheel turned by a handle. A row of keys is used to produce the melody by stopping one or two strings; the remaining strings sound a constant drone. A hurdy-gurdy-like instrument existed in Europe by the 12th century; it took its present shape in the 13th century. It has long been associated with street musicians, and it is still played as a folk instrument in Europe. The name is also often used for the barrel organ, in which a hand crank rotates a barrel inside the case, on which several tunes are encoded, causing a small pipe organ to play.
Hurdy-gurdy played by a French lady of fashion, 18th century—H. Roger-Viollet
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