horticulture


hor·ti·cul·ture

noun \ˈhr-tə-ˌkəl-chər\

: the science of growing fruits, vegetables, and flowers

Full Definition of HORTICULTURE

:  the science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants
hor·ti·cul·tur·al \ˌhr-tə-ˈkəl-chə-rəl\ adjective
hor·ti·cul·tur·al·ly \-rə-lē\ adverb
hor·ti·cul·tur·ist \-rist\ also hor·ti·cul·tur·al·ist \-ch(ə-)rə-list\ noun

Origin of HORTICULTURE

Latin hortus garden + English -i- + culture — more at yard
First Known Use: 1678

Other Agriculture/Gardening Terms

fallow, graft, heirloom, loam, potash, soilage, swath, tilth, windfall

horticulture

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Branch of agriculture concerned with the cultivation of garden plants—generally fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamentals such as plants used for landscaping (see landscape gardening). Propagation, the controlled perpetuation of plants, is the most basic horticultural practice. Its objectives are to increase the numbers of a plant and to preserve its essential characteristics. Propagation may be achieved sexually by use of seeds or asexually by use of techniques such as cutting, grafting (see graft), and tissue culture. Successful horticulture depends on extensive control of the environment, including light, water, temperature, soil structure and fertility, and pests. Two important horticultural techniques are training (changing a plant's orientation in space) and pruning (judicious removal of plant parts), used to improve the appearance or usefulness of plants. See also floriculture.

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