hippopotamus


hip·po·pot·a·mus

noun \ˌhi-pə-ˈpä-tə-məs\

: a large African animal that has an extremely large head and mouth and short legs and that spends most of its time in water

plural hip·po·pot·a·mus·es or hip·po·pot·a·mi\-ˌmī, -(ˌ)mē\

Full Definition of HIPPOPOTAMUS

:  a very large herbivorous 4-toed chiefly aquatic artiodactyl mammal (Hippopotamus amphibius) of sub-Saharan Africa with an extremely large head and mouth, bare and very thick grayish skin, and short legs; also :  a smaller closely related mammal (Choeropsis liberiensis) of western Africa

Illustration of HIPPOPOTAMUS

Origin of HIPPOPOTAMUS

Latin, from Greek hippopotamos, alteration of hippos potamios, literally, riverine horse
First Known Use: 1563

Other Mammals Terms

dormouse, dugong, gibbon, grimalkin, sable, stoat, ungulate, vole

hippopotamus

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Huge amphibious African mammal (Hippopotamus amphibius). Once found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, it is now restricted to parts of eastern and southeastern Africa. It has a barrel-shaped body, an enormous mouth, short legs, and four toes on each foot. It commonly reaches a length of 11.5 ft (3.5 m), a height of 5 ft (1.5 m) at the shoulder, and a weight of 7,000 lb (3,200 kg). The skin is very thick, nearly hairless, and grayish brown above, lighter and pinkish below. The ears and nostrils protrude above water when the rest of the body is submerged. Hippopotamuses live near rivers, lakes, swamps, or other permanent bodies of water, usually in groups of 7 to 15. During the day they sleep and rest in or near the water. At night they go on land to feed on grasses, which they crop with their hard-edged lips. In water they can swim fast, walk along the bottom, and remain submerged (with ears and nostrils closed) for five minutes or more. The rare pygmy hippopotamus (Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is the only other species of the family Hippopotamidae. Living along streams and in wet forests and swamps of West Africa, it is about the size of a domestic pig.

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: Hipposideros
Previous Word in the Dictionary: hippopotamic
All Words Near: hippopotamus

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up hippopotamus? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).