heredity

2 ENTRIES FOUND:

he·red·i·ty

noun \hə-ˈre-də-tē\

: the natural process by which physical and mental qualities are passed from a parent to a child

Full Definition of HEREDITY

1
a :  inheritance
b :  tradition
2
a :  the sum of the characteristics and potentialities genetically derived from one's ancestors
b :  the transmission of such qualities from ancestor to descendant through the genes

Examples of HEREDITY

  1. Heredity plays no part in the disease.

Origin of HEREDITY

Middle French heredité, from Latin hereditat-, hereditas, from hered-, heres heir — more at heir
First Known Use: circa 1540

he·red·i·ty

noun \hə-ˈred-ət-ē\   (Medical Dictionary)
plural he·red·i·ties

Medical Definition of HEREDITY

1
: the sum of the qualities and potentialities genetically derived from one's ancestors
2
: the transmission of traits from ancestor to descendant through the molecular mechanism lying primarily in the DNA or RNA of the genes—compare meiosis

heredity

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Transmission of traits from parents to offspring through genes, the functional units of heritable material that are found within all living cells. From his studies in the mid-19th century, Gregor Mendel derived certain basic concepts of heredity, which eventually became the foundation for the modern science of genetics. Each member of the parental generation transmits only half its genes to the offspring, and different offspring of the same parents receive different combinations of genes. Many characteristics are polygenic (i.e., influenced by more than one gene). Many genes exist in numerous variations (alleles) throughout a population. The polygenic and multiple allelic nature of many traits gives a vast potential for variability among hereditary characteristics. While the genotype (an individual's total hereditary makeup) determines the broad limits of features an individual may develop, the actual features that do develop (the phenotype) are dependent on complex interactions between genes and their environment. See also variation.

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