City (pop., 2003 est.: 1,170,000), central China. The capital of Anhui province since 1949, the present city dates from the Bei (Northern) Song dynasty (960–1126). It is a natural centre of communications, with easy water transport to the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) and important land routes running through it. A railway built in the 1930s transports much of its produce. It is the main location of China's University of Science and Technology.