Gujarat


Gu·ja·rat

geographical name \ˌgü-jə-ˈrät, ˌg-\

Definition of GUJARAT

1
region W India where Gujarati is spoken
2
state W India N & E of Gulf of Khambhat Gandhinagar area 72,236 square miles (187,091 square kilometers), pop 50,596,992

Variants of GUJARAT

Gu·ja·rat or Gu·je·rat \ˌgü-jə-ˈrät, ˌg-\

Gujarat

   (Concise Encyclopedia)

State (pop., 2008 est.: 56,408,000) and historic region, western India. Lying on the Arabian Sea and with a coastline of 992 mi (1,596 km) that includes the union territory enclaves of Daman and Diu, it is bordered by Pakistan; the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra; and Dadra and Nagar Haveli union territory. It has an area of 75,685 sq mi (196,024 sq km), and the capital is Gandhinagar. During the 4th and 5th centuries CE, it was ruled by the Gupta dynasty; it derived its name from the Gurjaras, who ruled the area in the 8th and 9th centuries. After a period of economic and cultural achievement, it fell successively under Arab Muslim, Mughal, and Maratha rule. In 1818 it came under British control, and after 1857 it was a province of British India. Following Indian independence in 1947, most of Gujarat was included in the state of Bombay, which was divided into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960. Gujarat is a leading industrialized state of India and a petroleum producer. It is also famous for its arts and crafts.

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