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Definition of GRATIAN
359–383 Rom. emp. (367–383)
Variants of GRATIAN
Gra·tian Latin Flavius Gratianus
biographical name(Concise Encyclopedia)
(born 359, Sirmium, Pannoniadied Aug. 25, 383, Lugdunum, Lugdunensis) Roman emperor (r. 367–83). He originally shared the office with his father, Valentinian I (r. 364–75), and his uncle, Valens (r. 364–78). He later shared authority with his 4-year-old half brother, who was supported by the army. Following his uncle's death at the disastrous Battle of Adrianople, he became ruler of the Eastern Empire and summoned Theodosius I to share power with him. Influenced by St. Ambrose, Gratian omitted the words pontifex maximus (supreme priest) from his title. He was murdered opposing the usurper Magnus Maximus.