glycolysis


gly·col·y·sis

noun \glī-ˈkä-lə-səs\

Definition of GLYCOLYSIS

:  the enzymatic breakdown of a carbohydrate (as glucose) by way of phosphate derivatives with the production of pyruvic or lactic acid and energy stored in high-energy phosphate bonds of ATP
gly·co·lyt·ic \ˌglī-kə-ˈli-tik\ adjective

Origin of GLYCOLYSIS

New Latin
First Known Use: 1892

gly·col·y·sis

noun \glī-ˈkäl-ə-səs\   (Medical Dictionary)
plural gly·col·y·ses \-ˌsēz\

Medical Definition of GLYCOLYSIS

: the enzymatic breakdown of a carbohydrate (as glucose or glycogen) by way of phosphate derivatives with the production of pyruvic or lactic acid and energy stored in high-energy phosphate bonds of ATP—called also Embden-Meyerhof pathway
gly·co·lyt·ic \ˌglī-kə-ˈlit-ik\ adjective
gly·co·lyt·i·cal·ly \-i-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

glycolysis

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Sequence of 10 chemical reactions taking place in most cells that breaks down glucose, releasing energy that is then captured and stored in ATP. One molecule of glucose (plus coenzymes and inorganic phosphate) makes two molecules of pyruvate (or pyruvic acid) and two molecules of ATP. The pyruvate enters into the tricarboxylic acid cycle if enough oxygen is present or is fermented into lactic acid or ethanol if not. Thus, glycolysis produces both ATP for cellular energy requirements and building blocks for synthesis of other cellular products. See also Gustav Georg Embden, Otto Meyerhof.

Variants of GLYCOLYSIS

glycolysis or glycolytic pathway or Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway

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