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Definition of GLYCINE
: a sweet crystalline amino acid C2H5NO2 obtained especially by hydrolysis of proteins
First Known Use of GLYCINE
noun\ˈglī-ˌsēn, ˈglīs-ən\(Medical Dictionary)
Medical Definition of GLYCINE
: a sweet crystalline nonessential amino acid C2H5NO2 that is a neurotransmitter which induces inhibition of postsynaptic neurons, is obtained by hydrolysis of proteins or is prepared synthetically, and is used in the form of its salt as an antacid or in aqueous solution as an irrigating fluid in transurethral surgery—abbreviation Gly; called also aminoacetic acid, glycocoll
One of the nonessential amino acids. The simplest amino acid (NHCHCOOH), it occurs in many proteins; especially rich sources are silk fibroin and gelatin. It has a sweet taste and is used to reduce the bitter flavour of saccharin. Other uses are in organic synthesis and biochemical research, as a nutrient and feed additive, and to retard rancidity in animal and vegetable fats.