gluten


glu·ten

noun \ˈglü-tən\

: a substance in wheat and flour that holds dough together

Full Definition of GLUTEN

:  a tenacious elastic protein substance especially of wheat flour that gives cohesiveness to dough
glu·ten·ous \ˈglüt-nəs, ˈglü-tən-əs\ adjective

Origin of GLUTEN

Latin glutin-, gluten glue — more at clay
First Known Use: 1803

Other Biochemistry Terms

bile, biodegradable, capsaicin, keratin, metabolism

Rhymes with GLUTEN

glu·ten

noun \ˈglüt-ən\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of GLUTEN

: a gluey protein substance especially of wheat flour that causes dough to be sticky
glu·ten·ous \ˈglüt-nəs, -ən-əs\ adjective

gluten

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Mixture of proteins not readily soluble in water that occurs in wheat and most other cereal grains. Its presence in flour makes production of leavened baked goods (see baking) possible because the chainlike gluten molecules form an elastic network that traps carbon dioxide gas and expands with it. The properties of gluten vary with its composition, which differs according to the source. Thus, doughs range from soft and extensible to tough and elastic, depending on the gluten in the flours. Persons with an allergy to gluten can often eat rice or spelt products.

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