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glucose

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noun glu·cose \ˈglü-ˌkōs, -ˌkōz\

Simple Definition of glucose

  • : a type of sugar that is found in plants and fruits

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of glucose

  1. 1 :  a crystalline sugar C6H12O6; specifically :  the sweet colorless soluble dextrorotatory form that occurs widely in nature and is the usual form in which carbohydrate is assimilated by animals

  2. 2 :  a light-colored syrup made from cornstarch

Origin and Etymology of glucose

French, modification of Greek gleukos must, sweet wine; akin to Greek glykys sweet — more at dulcet


First Known Use: 1840

Other Biochemistry Terms


GLUCOSE Defined for Kids

glucose

play
noun glu·cose \ˈglü-ˌkōs\

Definition of glucose for Students

  1. :  a sugar in plant saps and fruits that is the usual form in which carbohydrate is taken in by the animal body and used as a source of energy




Medical Dictionary

glucose

play
noun glu·cose \ˈglü-ˌkōs, -ˌkōz\

Medical Definition of glucose

  1. :  an optically active sugar C6H12O6 that has an aldehydic carbonyl group; especially :  the sweet colorless soluble dextrorotatory form that occurs widely in nature and is the usual form in which carbohydrate is assimilated by animals



Illustration of glucose



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