glucose

7 ENTRIES FOUND:

glu·cose

noun \ˈglü-ˌkōs, -ˌkōz\

: a type of sugar that is found in plants and fruits

Full Definition of GLUCOSE

1
:  a crystalline sugar C6H12O6; specifically :  the sweet colorless soluble dextrorotatory form that occurs widely in nature and is the usual form in which carbohydrate is assimilated by animals
2
:  a light-colored syrup made from cornstarch

Origin of GLUCOSE

French, modification of Greek gleukos must, sweet wine; akin to Greek glykys sweet — more at dulcet
First Known Use: 1840

Other Biochemistry Terms

bile, biodegradable, capsaicin, keratin, metabolism

glu·cose

noun \ˈglü-ˌkōs, -ˌkōz\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of GLUCOSE

: an optically active sugar C6H12O6 that has an aldehydic carbonyl group; especially : the sweet colorless soluble dextrorotatory form that occurs widely in nature and is the usual form in which carbohydrate is assimilated by animals

Illustration of GLUCOSE

glucose

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Organic compound, a simple sugar (monosaccharide), chemical formula CHO. The product of photosynthesis in plants, it is found in fruits and honey. As the major circulating free sugar in blood, it is the source of energy in cell function and a major participant in metabolism. Control of its level and metabolism is of great importance (see insulin). Glucose and fructose make up sucrose. Glucose units in long chains make up polysaccharides (e.g., cellulose, glycogen, starch). Glucose is used in foods, medicine, brewing, and wine making and as the source of various other organic chemicals.

Variants of GLUCOSE

glucose or dextrose or grape sugar or corn sugar

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