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Definition of GIBEON
city of ancient Palestine NW of Jerusalem
Ancient city of Canaan. It is located north of Jerusalem at modern Al-Jib in the West Bank. According to the Bible, its inhabitants made an alliance with the Israelite military leader Joshua during his conquest of Canaan but were instead made slaves. Excavations in 1956 by a U.S. expedition revealed that the site had been occupied during the Early and Middle Bronze Ages and in the latter part of the Late Bronze Age, just before Joshua's conquest of Canaan; the town then was a dependency of Jerusalem and was probably not fortified.