genotype


ge·no·type

noun \ˈjē-nə-ˌtīp, ˈje-\

Definition of GENOTYPE

1
[International Scientific Vocabulary gen-] :  type species
2
[International Scientific Vocabulary gene] :  all or part of the genetic constitution of an individual or group — compare phenotype
ge·no·typ·ic \ˌjē-nə-ˈti-pik, ˌje-\ also ge·no·typ·i·cal \-pi-kəl\ adjective
ge·no·typ·i·cal·ly \-pi-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

First Known Use of GENOTYPE

1897

genotype

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Genetic makeup of an organism. The genotype determines the hereditary potentials and limitations of an individual. Among organisms that reproduce sexually, an individual's genotype comprises the entire complex of genes inherited from both parents. Sexual reproduction guarantees that each individual has a unique genotype, except for identical twins, who come from the same fertilized egg. See also phenotype, variation.

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