Gaea, terra-cotta statuette from Tanagra, Greece; in the Musée Borély, Marseille.—Giraudon/Art Resource, New York
Greek goddess of the earth. She was both mother and wife to Uranus, or Heaven, from whom she was separated by her son Cronus, a Titan. According to Hesiod, she was the mother of all 12 Titans, as well as of the Furies and the Cyclopes (see Cyclops). She may have originated as a mother goddess worshiped in pre-Hellenic Greece before the introduction of the cult of Zeus.