fugue


fugue

noun \ˈfyüg\

: a piece of music in which tunes are repeated in complex patterns

Full Definition of FUGUE

1
a :  a musical composition in which one or two themes are repeated or imitated by successively entering voices and contrapuntally developed in a continuous interweaving of the voice parts
b :  something that resembles a fugue especially in interweaving repetitive elements
2
:  a disturbed state of consciousness in which the one affected seems to perform acts in full awareness but upon recovery cannot recollect the acts performed
fugue verb
fugu·ist \ˈfyü-gist\ noun

Origin of FUGUE

probably from Italian fuga flight, fugue, from Latin, flight, from fugere
First Known Use: 1597

fugue

noun \ˈfyüg\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of FUGUE

: a disturbed state of consciousness in which the one affected seems to perform acts in full awareness but upon recovery cannot recollect them

fugue

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Musical composition characterized by systematic imitation of one or more themes in counterpoint. Fugues vary greatly in their actual form. The principal theme (subject) is imitated—i.e., repeated successively in similar form at different pitch levels by different parts or voices—in the so-called exposition. The countersubject is the continuation of the subject that accompanies the subject theme's subsequent entries in the other voices. Episodes using modified themes often separate the subject's entries. The fugue emerged gradually from the imitative polyphony of the 13th century. Johann Sebastian Bach's keyboard fugues are the most famous of all. The works of Bach and George Frideric Handel inspired the later fugues of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and others, many of whom commonly included fugues in the final movements of symphonies, string quartets, and sonatas.

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