Simple Definition of fennel
: a garden plant that is grown for its seeds, stems, and leaves
Full Definition of fennel
: a perennial European herb (Foeniculum vulgare) of the carrot family having two cultivated forms: a : the commonly cultivated form (F. vulgare dulce) having aromatic leaves and seeds b : Florence fennel
Did You Know?
A perennial aromatic herb of the parsley family, fennel is native to southern Europe and Asia Minor and cultivated in the US, Britain, and temperate areas of Eurasia. The blanched shoots are eaten as a vegetable. The greenish brown to yellowish brown oblong-oval seeds smell and taste similar to anise. The seeds and extracted oil are used for scenting soaps and perfumes and for flavoring candies, liqueurs, medicines, and foods, particularly pastries, sweet pickles, and fish.
Origin and Etymology of fennel
Middle English fenel, from Old English finugl, from Vulgar Latin *fenuculum, from Latin feniculum fennel, irregular diminutive of fenum hay
First Known Use: before 12th century
Medical Definition of fennel
: a perennial European herb (Foeniculum vulgare) of the carrot family (Umbelliferae) introduced into North America and cultivated for its aromatic seeds and its foliage
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