Simple Definition of extinguish
: to cause (something) to stop burning
: to cause the end or death of (something)
Full Definition of extinguish
1 a (1) : to bring to an end : make an end of <hope for their safety was slowly extinguished> (2) : to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness b : to cause to cease burning : quench c : to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) d : to dim the brightness of : eclipse
2 a : to cause to be void : nullify <extinguish a claim> b : to get rid of usually by payment <extinguish a debt>
Examples of extinguish
The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze.
He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray.
They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance.
News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.
Origin of extinguish
Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick
First Known Use: circa 1540
Medical Definition of extinguish
: to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) <extinguish an avoidance response>
Seen and Heard
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