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extinguish

play
verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish\

Simple Definition of extinguish

  • : to cause (something) to stop burning

  • : to cause the end or death of (something)

Full Definition of extinguish

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 a (1) :  to bring to an end :  make an end of <hope for their safety was slowly extinguished> (2) :  to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness b :  to cause to cease burning :  quench c :  to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) d :  to dim the brightness of :  eclipse

  3. 2 a :  to cause to be void :  nullify <extinguish a claim> b :  to get rid of usually by payment <extinguish a debt>

ex·tin·guish·able play \-(g)wi-shə-bəl\ adjective
ex·tin·guish·er play \-shər\ noun
ex·tin·guish·ment play \-mənt\ noun

Examples of extinguish

  1. The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze.

  2. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray.

  3. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance.

  4. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.



Origin of extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick


First Known Use: circa 1540


Medical Dictionary

extinguish

play
transitive verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish\

Medical Definition of extinguish

  1. :  to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) <extinguish an avoidance response>





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