noun \i-ˈva-pə-ˌrīt\

Definition of EVAPORITE

:  a sedimentary rock (as gypsum) that originates by evaporation of seawater in an enclosed basin
evap·o·rit·ic \-ˌva-pə-ˈri-tik\ adjective


evaporation + 1-ite
First Known Use: 1924


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Any of a variety of minerals found in sedimentary deposits of soluble salts that result from the evaporation of water. Typically, evaporite deposits occur in closed marine basins where evaporation exceeds inflow. The most important such minerals include anhydrite, halite, calcite, gypsum, polyhalite, and potassium and magnesium salts such as sylvite, carnallite, kainite, and kieserite.


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