biographical name \em-ˈpe-də-ˌklēz\

Definition of EMPEDOCLES

ca 490–430 b.c. Greek philos. & statesman


biographical name    (Concise Encyclopedia)

(born c. 490, Acragas, Sicily—died 430 BC, the Peloponnese) Greek philosopher, statesman, poet, and physiologist. All that remains of his writings are 500 lines from two poems. He held that all matter was composed of four basic ingredients: fire, air, water, and earth. Like Heracleitus, he held that two forces, love and strife, interact to bring together and separate the four substances. Believing in the transmigration of souls, he declared that salvation requires abstention from the flesh of animals, whose souls may once have inhabited human bodies.


Next Word in the Dictionary: Endecott
Previous Word in the Dictionary: Emerson

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up Empedocles? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).