Sculptures cut from volcanic rock, Easter Island.—Ernest Manewal/Shostal Associates
Island (pop., 2002: 3,791), eastern Pacific Ocean. Located 2,200 mi (3,600 km) west of Chile, it has an area of 63 sq mi (163 sq km). Initially inhabited c. AD 400 by Polynesians from the Marquesas, Easter Island has long been famous for its monolithic stone statues in human form. They are some 10–40 ft (3–12 m) high, the heaviest weighing about 82 tons. They were probably erected c. AD 1000–1600. War and disease decimated the island's population over the succeeding centuries, and the statues' origins were forgotten. Annexed by Chile in 1888, the island was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1995.
Variants of EASTER ISLAND
Easter Island Spanish Isla de Pascua native Rapa Nui