noun \ˈdrat\

: a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain

Full Definition of DROUGHT

:  a period of dryness especially when prolonged; specifically :  one that causes extensive damage to crops or prevents their successful growth
:  a prolonged or chronic shortage or lack of something expected or desired
drought·i·ness \ˈdra-tē-nəs\ noun
droughty \ˈdra-tē\ adjective

Variants of DROUGHT

drought also drouth \ˈdrath\

Examples of DROUGHT

  1. The drought caused serious damage to crops.
  2. a period of drought that lasted several years

Origin of DROUGHT

Middle English, from Old English drūgath, from drūgian to dry up; akin to Old English drȳge dry — more at dry
First Known Use: before 12th century

Other Climate/Meteorology Terms

monsoon, occlusion, ozone, rime, squall, zephyr


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Lack or insufficiency of rain for an extended period that severely disturbs the hydrologic cycle in an area. Droughts involve water shortages, crop damage, streamflow reduction, and depletion of groundwater and soil moisture. They occur when evaporation and transpiration exceed precipitation for a considerable period. Drought is the most serious hazard to agriculture in nearly every part of the world. Efforts have been made to control it by seeding clouds to induce rainfall, but these experiments have had only limited success.


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