double jeopardy


double jeopardy

noun

law : the act of causing a person to be put on trial two times for the same crime

Full Definition of DOUBLE JEOPARDY

1
:  the putting of a person on trial for an offense for which he or she has previously been put on trial under a valid charge :  two adjudications for one offense
2
:  considerable danger or trouble from two sources

Examples of DOUBLE JEOPARDY

  1. constitutional protections against double jeopardy

First Known Use of DOUBLE JEOPARDY

1862

double jeopardy

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

In law, the prosecution of a person for an offense for which he or she already has been prosecuted. In U.S. law, double jeopardy is prohibited by the 5th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which states that no person shall “be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life and limb.” The clause bars second prosecutions after acquittal or conviction and prohibits multiple convictions for the same offense. Thus a person cannot be guilty of both murder and manslaughter for the same homicide, nor can a person be retried for the same crime after the case has been resolved. A person can, however, be convicted of both murder and robbery if the murder arose from the robbery. The prohibition against double jeopardy is not violated when an individual is charged for behaviour stemming from an offense for which he has been charged in a different jurisdiction or in a different court (e.g., a civil court as opposed to a criminal court). See also rights of the accused; due process.

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