City (pop., 2004 est.: 1,532,800), chief port of Cameroon, on the Bight of Biafra. It was the capital of German Kamerun and later of French Cameroun and was taken from the Germans in 1914. Cameroon's largest city, it is one of Central Africa's major industrial centres, and its deepwater port handles most of the country's overseas trade. It is home to a variety of commercial, agricultural, and industrial schools. A museum and handicraft centre encourage the production and preservation of Cameroonian art.