diphtheria

2 ENTRIES FOUND:

diph·the·ria

noun \dif-ˈthir-ē-ə, ÷dip-\

medical : a serious disease that makes breathing very difficult

Full Definition of DIPHTHERIA

:  an acute febrile contagious disease typically marked by the formation of a false membrane especially in the throat and caused by a gram-positive bacterium (Corynebacterium diphtheriae) that produces a toxin causing inflammation of the heart and nervous system
diph·the·ri·al \-ē-əl\ adjective
diph·the·rit·ic \ˌdif-thə-ˈri-tik, ÷ˌdip-\ adjective

Origin of DIPHTHERIA

New Latin, from French diphthérie, from Greek diphthera leather; from the toughness of the false membrane
First Known Use: circa 1851

diph·the·ria

noun \dif-ˈthir-ē-ə, dip-\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of DIPHTHERIA

: an acute febrile contagious disease typically marked by the formation of a false membrane especially in the throat and caused by a bacterium of the genus Corynebacterium (C. diphtheriae) which produces a toxin causing inflammation of the heart and nervous system
diph·the·ri·al \-ē-əl\ adjective

diphtheria

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Acute infectious bacterial disease caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The bacterium usually enters through the tonsils, nose, or throat and multiplies there, forming a thick membrane that adheres to the tissues and sometimes blocks the trachea, requiring emergency treatment.The bacteria produce a toxin that spreads to cause other symptoms, including fever, chills, sore throat, and lesions in heart muscle and peripheral nerve tissue that may cause death from heart failure and paralysis. Diphtheria is treated with an antitoxin that neutralizes the toxin and produces long-term immunity. Vaccination has greatly reduced its occurrence in Europe and North America.

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