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1

damage

play
noun dam·age \ˈda-mij\

Simple Definition of damage

  • : physical harm that is done to something or to someone's body

  • : emotional harm that is done to someone

  • : problems that are caused by a mistake, wrong action, etc. : bad or harmful effects on a situation, a person's reputation, etc.

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of damage

  1. 1 :  loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation

  2. 2 plural :  compensation in money imposed by law for loss or injury

  3. 3 :  expense, cost <“What's the damage?” he asked the waiter>

Examples of damage in a sentence

  1. The items were carefully wrapped to protect them from damage during shipping.

  2. The city sustained heavy damage during the war.

  3. Fortunately the boat suffered no serious damage in the storm.

  4. The fall caused considerable damage to her knee.

  5. The disease is known to cause permanent brain damage.

  6. The scandal caused significant damage to her career.

  7. You've said enough. Please leave before you do any more damage.

  8. He tried to repair the damage by apologizing, but it was too late.

  9. He apologized, but the damage was already done.



Origin of damage

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from dan damage, from Latin damnum


First Known Use: 14th century


2

damage

verb dam·age

Simple Definition of damage

  • : to physically harm (something)

  • : to cause problems in or for (something) : to have a bad effect on (a situation, a person's reputation, etc.)

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of damage

damageddamaging

  1. transitive verb
  2. :  to cause damage to <don't damage the furniture> <returning soldiers damaged by war>

damageability play \ˌda-mi-jə-ˈbi-lə-tē\ noun
damager noun

Examples of damage in a sentence

  1. Please return any items that are damaged during shipping.

  2. Many homes were damaged or completely destroyed in the fire.

  3. The fall severely damaged her knee.

  4. Smoking can seriously damage your lungs.

  5. The scandal significantly damaged her career.

  6. This news will undoubtedly damage the governor's reputation.

  7. He was worried that his comments had seriously damaged their relationship.

  8. He's trying to repair his damaged reputation.



14th Century

First Known Use of damage

14th century

Synonym Discussion of damage

injure, harm, hurt, damage, impair, mar mean to affect injuriously. injure implies the inflicting of anything detrimental to one's looks, comfort, health, or success <badly injured in an accident>. harm often stresses the inflicting of pain, suffering, or loss <careful not to harm the animals>. hurt implies inflicting a wound to the body or to the feelings <hurt by their callous remarks>. damage suggests injury that lowers value or impairs usefulness <a table damaged in shipping>. impair suggests a making less complete or efficient by deterioration or diminution <years of smoking had impaired his health>. mar applies to injury that spoils perfection (as of a surface) or causes disfigurement <the text is marred by many typos>.


DAMAGE Defined for Kids

1

damage

play
noun dam·age \ˈda-mij\

Definition of damage for Students

  1. 1 :  loss or harm caused by injury to a person's body or property <How much damage was done to the car?>

  2. 2 damages plural :  money demanded or paid according to law for injury or damage <The jury awarded $50,000 in damages.>




2

damage

play
verb dam·age

Definition of damage for Students

damageddamaging

  1. :  to cause harm or loss to




Law Dictionary

1

damage

noun dam·age

Legal Definition of damage

  1. 1 :  loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation

  2. 2 pl :  the money awarded to a party in a civil suit as reparation for the loss or injury for which another is liable — see also additur, cover, mitigate, remittitur — compare declaratory judgment at judgment 1a, injunction, specific performance at performance Editor's note: The trier of fact determines the amount of damages to be awarded to the prevailing party. More than one type of damages may be awarded for a single injury. actual damages :  damages deemed to compensate the injured party for losses sustained as a direct result of the injury suffered —called also compensatory damages consequential damages :  special damages in this entry direct damages :  damages for a loss that is an immediate, natural, and foreseeable result of the wrongful act — compare special damages in this entry exemplary damages \ig-ˈzem-plə-rē-\ :  punitive damages in this entry expectation damages :  damages recoverable for breach of contract and designed to put the injured party in the position he or she would have been in had the contract been completed —called also expectancy damages general damages 1 :  damages for a loss that is the natural, foreseeable, and logical result of a wrongful act — compare special damages in this entry 2 :  damages for losses (as pain and suffering, inconvenience, or loss of lifestyle) whose monetary values are difficult to assign hedonic damages \hi-ˈdä-nik-\ :  damages deemed to compensate for the loss of enjoyment of life resulting from a wrongful act Editor's note: Hedonic damages are not recognized in all jurisdictions. incidental damages :  damages recoverable under section 2-715 of the Uniform Commercial Code in breach of contract cases for losses that include expenses incurred in handling and caring for goods which were the subject of the contract, reasonable expenses incurred in obtaining cover, and any other reasonable expenses resulting from the breach that do not fall into any other category liquidated damages :  damages whose amount is agreed upon by the parties to a contract as adequately compensating for loss in the event of a breach —called also stipulated damages Editor's note: Liquidated damages in an amount exceeding that needed to reasonably compensate the injured party constitute a penalty and are therefore void. moratory damages in the civil law of Louisiana :  damages recoverable for loss resulting from an obligor's delay in performing Editor's note: Compensatory damages are recoverable in a case of failure to perform. nominal damages :  damages awarded in a small amount (as one dollar) in cases in which a party has been injured but no loss resulted from the injury or in which the injured party failed to prove that loss resulted from the injury presumed damages :  damages that are presumed under the law to result naturally and necessarily from a tortious act and that therefore do not require proof punitive damages :  damages awarded in cases of serious or malicious wrongdoing to punish or deter the wrongdoer or deter others from behaving similarly —called also exemplary damages, smart money special damages :  damages awarded in an amount deemed to compensate for losses that arise not as a natural result of the injury but because of some particular circumstance of the injured party; specifically :  damages relating to a business, profession, or property that are easily calculable in monetary terms —called also consequential damages — compare direct damages in this entry — general damages in this entry Editor's note: Because special damages do not arise in every case, they must be specifically requested in the pleadings. This is an issue of particular importance in cases of harm to reputation, such as slander, libel, and malicious prosecution. stipulated damages in the civil law of Louisiana :  liquidated damages in this entry treble damages \ˈtre-bəl-\ :  damages awarded in an amount that is three times the amount for which the trier of fact finds the wrongdoer liable Editor's note: Treble damages are recoverable where authorized by statute and are usu. imposed as a punishment.

  3. 3 pl :  losses for which damages are recoverable <did not incur damages, because he was unlikely to win the foreclosure case — Rosalind Resnick>



Origin of damage

Old French, from dam injury, harm, from Latin damnum financial loss, fine


2

damage

adjective dam·age

Legal Definition of damage

  1. :  of or relating to damages <a damage action> <a damage remedy>





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