City (pop., 2004 est.: city, 1,009,256; urban agglom., 2,098,648), capital of Senegal. One of the chief seaports on the western African coast, it lies midway between the mouths of the Gambia and Sénégal rivers. It was founded by the French in 1857, and its development was spurred by the opening in 1886 of western Africa's first railway, from Saint-Louis to Dakar. In 1902 it became the capital of French West Africa and in 1960 of Senegal. Dakar is one of tropical Africa's leading industrial and service centres. There are museums of ethnography and archaeology there and museums of the sea and of history in nearby Gorée.