criminology


crim·i·nol·o·gy

noun \ˌkri-mə-ˈnä-lə-jē\

: the study of crime, criminals, and the punishment of criminals

Full Definition of CRIMINOLOGY

:  the scientific study of crime as a social phenomenon, of criminals, and of penal treatment
crim·i·no·log·i·cal \-mə-nəl-ˈä-ji-kəl\ adjective
crim·i·no·log·i·cal·ly \-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
crim·i·nol·o·gist \ˌkri-mə-ˈnä-lə-jist\ noun

Origin of CRIMINOLOGY

Italian criminologia, from Latin crimin-, crimen + Italian -o- + -logia -logy
First Known Use: 1872

crim·i·nol·o·gy

noun \ˌkrim-ə-ˈnäl-ə-jē\   (Medical Dictionary)
plural crim·i·nol·o·gies

Medical Definition of CRIMINOLOGY

: the scientific study of crime as a social phenomenon, of criminals, and of penal treatment
crim·i·no·log·i·cal \-ən-əl-ˈäj-i-kəl\ adjective
crim·i·no·log·i·cal·ly \-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
crim·i·nol·o·gist \ˌkrim-ə-ˈnäl-ə-jəst\ noun

criminology

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Scientific study of nonlegal aspects of crime, including its causes and prevention. Criminology originated in the 18th century when social reformers began to question the use of punishment for retribution rather than deterrence and reform. In the 19th century, scientific methods began to be applied to the study of crime. Today criminologists commonly use statistics, case histories, official records, and sociological field methods to study criminals and criminal activity, including the rates and kinds of crime within geographic areas. Their findings are used by lawyers, judges, probation officers, law-enforcement and prison officials, legislators, and scholars to better understand criminals and the effects of treatment and prevention. See also delinquency, penology.

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: criminosis
Previous Word in the Dictionary: criminogenic
All Words Near: criminology

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up criminology? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Get Our Free Apps
Voice Search, Favorites,
Word of the Day, and More
Join Us on FB & Twitter
Get the Word of the Day and More