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Definition of CRAIOVA
city S Romania pop 302,622
geographical name(Concise Encyclopedia)
City (pop., 2002: 302,622), southwestern Romania. Situated near the Jiu River, the area has long been settled; the remains of a Roman fort built under Trajan have been excavated nearby. From the late 15th to the 18th century it was the residence of the region's military governors. It prospered as a regional trading centre despite an earthquake in 1790 and a Turkish assault in 1802 during which it was burned. It has a university (1966) and other cultural amenities.