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cosine

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noun co·sine \ˈkō-ˌsīn\

Simple Definition of cosine

  • geometry : the ratio between the long side (called the hypotenuse) and the side that is next to an acute angle in a right triangle

Full Definition of cosine

  1. 1 :  a trigonometric function that for an acute angle is the ratio between the leg adjacent to the angle when it is considered part of a right triangle and the hypotenuse

  2. 2 :  a trigonometric function cos θ that for all real numbers θ is given by the sum of the alternating series and that is exactly equal to the cosine of an angle of measure θ in radians

Origin of cosine

New Latin cosinus, from co- + Medieval Latin sinus sine


First Known Use: 1635


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