noun \-ˈdi-sh(ə-)niŋ\

: the process of becoming stronger and healthier by following a regular exercise program and diet

: the act or process of training a person or animal to do something or to behave in a certain way in a particular situation

Full Definition of CONDITIONING

:  the process of training to become physically fit by a regimen of exercise, diet, and rest; also :  the resulting state of physical fitness
:  a simple form of learning involving the formation, strengthening, or weakening of an association between a stimulus and a response


  1. the team's excellent physical conditioning
  2. With the proper conditioning, the horse will learn to trust and obey its handler.

First Known Use of CONDITIONING



noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Process in which the frequency or predictability of a behavioral response is increased through reinforcement (i.e., a stimulus or a reward for the desired response). Classical, or respondent, conditioning, which involves stimulus substitution, is based on the work of Ivan Pavlov, who conditioned dogs by ringing a bell each time the aroma of food was presented. Eventually the dogs salivated when the bell rang, even if no food odour was present; salivation was thus the conditioned response. In instrumental, or operant, conditioning, a spontaneous (operant) behaviour is either rewarded (reinforced) or punished. When rewarded, a behaviour increases in frequency; when punished, it decreases. Operant conditioning was studied in detail by B.F. Skinner.


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